Viracocha or Wiracocha is a pan Andean god, revered by different name and represented in different forms from the Late Arcaic period. It appears represented on the Caral mate (dried out squash), the Raimondi Estela in Chavin, the Karwa textiles in Paracas, the Sun Gate in Tiahuanaco, the ceremonial urns in Wari and the Koricancha temple of the Incas.

On myths and legends it shows as creator or world ruler. One of the myths tells that at the beginning Viracocha created the sky and the earth and populated them with plant, animals and primitive men that lived in darkness and chaos.

One day Viracocha emerged from Titicaca lake along with some helpers and punished the first men for their foolish acts and turned them into stone. Then Viracocha wished to improve his work and divided the cosmos in three parts: Hanan Pacha (the world up), Kay Pacha (the world here) and Uqu Pacha (the world inside). In the Hanan Pacha he created the sun, the moon, the stars and the rest of the celestial beings: ordering their functions and paths. In order to populate Kay Pacha, he created a new generation of men and women modelling rocks and stones that came to life to found the different towns and kingdoms. This new founders came out of Uqu Pacha (the depths of the earth) through the pacarinas: caves, lakes and springs.

Then, after putting in order the functions of the towns, plants, animals, rivers and all the beings in the world, Viracocha and his entourage went to the ocean and left walking over the foam.

The Incas called them Apu Kon Ticci Pachayachachic Viracocha and built in his honor the beautiful temple of Raqchi, San Pedro de Cacha (Sicuani, Cusco). He was also revered on the sacred rooms of the Koricancha.

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)

Related Posts:


Peru Travel – The emergence of human beings on earth

In ancient times, on the current Mantaro or Jauja valley, which was covered by the waters of a great big lake in which center stands a rock called Wanka, a place of rest for Amaru, a horrible monster with the head of a llama, two tiny wings and the body of a [...]


The Ayapullito

The Ayapullito is the name of a jungle bird that comes from the Quechua words for death (Aya) and little bird (Pullito). In the jungle of Peru it is believed that the Ayapullito is a spy of the Yachay of the jungle towns. Who watch what happens on the faraway [...]


Atun Irca Native

On the Cayacata mountain, which rises west of the Yupan town, a long time ago a native family lived, mother, father and two children. On this desolated site water was scarce, and so to find it dwellers had to walk around 2 kilometers, until reaching the neighboring [...]


The Motelo Mama

Is a giant turtle, mother of all the chelonians of the Amazonian jungle that stays still for a very long time, with plant growing underneath its body and manages to deceive its victim that without doubt or fear come close to it. When it moves it causes the earth [...]


Huari, The One Who Lives in the Mountains

Huari is an ancient Andean god whose cult had its main center on the Conchucos Alley, where the famous Chavin de Huantar temple was built. The historian Hernan Amat Olazabal and other experts have followed the trace of this almost forgotten god. Amat tells us that [...]


The Mayantu

A legend from the jungle of Peru tells that the Mayantu is a kind of elf with the face of a toad that lives on the high part of the jungle. It lives on gigantic trees that house its colossal figure which mimic to the bark of the trees. This character has the [...]