The three men climbed up almost crawling along a steep and slippery slope in Peru. It was the morning of July 24th of 1911 and Hiram Bingham II had left the camp site on the Urubamba River with two of his Peruvian companions to investigate some ruins that, supposedly, lay on a very high peak known as Machu Picchu (old peak).

At about 1804 feet over the valley they ran into a couple of farmers that had moved to the mountain to avoid tax collectors. Those hikers assured the very skeptical Bingham that the ruins he had heard of were nearby and even sent him a kid to show him the way.

When Bingham finally reached the place, he looked in disbelief at the scene that revealed itself before his eyes. A labyrinth of walls and terraces peaked through the abundant weeds, as if an Inca ghost had hidden from the world from almost 400 years.

Even though Bingham himself acknowledged that he was not the first one to discover Machu Picchu, he was the first scientist to study the site and with the financial support of Yale University and the National Geographic Society, Bingham’s teams were able to cut off the weeds from the peak, drew plans and took pictures of the ruins, and send thousands of artifacts to the Natural History Peabody Museum in Yale University.

When the news of the discovery got out there were many that tried to unravel the nature of the place but nobody was able to offer a precise answer, until during the eighties a document was found that dated back to 1568, where a petition was to the Spanish court was filed from the Pachacutec Inca Yupanqui descendants in which they declared that their forefather had been the owner of a place called Picchu, very close to the actual archaeological site.

Further studies of the architecture and the rescued artifacts suggest that Pachacutec lived in this mountainous enclosure where he ate in silverware, washed on a private bath made of rock and relaxed on a beautiful orchid garden.

This and much more have made of Machu Picchu one of the archaeological marvels of the modern world.

Source: National Geographic

 View More: Machu Picchu

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (No Ratings Yet)

Related Posts:


When you visit Peru, a place you can’t miss are the paradisiacal beaches up north. We would like to recommend you the beaches of Mancora and Organos, there the aquatic sports lovers and the ones that enjoy the seaside beauty will find a place that sets itself apart [...]

Peru Tours: Puno

The city of Puno is the main lake port in Peru, and is located in the western shore of Titicaca Lake. Is the cultural center of Altiplano that depicts another geographic region different from the coast, highlands and jungle. In the city of Puno, considered the [...]


Chavin de Huantar, otherwise known as the capital of the Chavin Culture is an archaeological sire located in the Chavin de Huantar district, Huari province in the Ancash department, 462 km (287 miles) northeast of Lima. The place has an elevation over 3000 meters [...]

The Sacred Valley of the Incas

If you love nature or adventure sports, there is one place on your visit to Cusco that you cannot miss: the Sacred Valley of the Incas, through which the River Vilcanota runs (downstream its name changes to Urubamba or Willcamayu), between the villages of Pisac and [...]

Peru Tours: Cusco

Cusco, the archaeological capital of America was the main city in Tahuantinsuyo Empire considered by the Incas like the center of the world. Nowadays is the ultimate touristic center in Peru and has been recognized worldwide, like the one in 1978 by the 7th Mayor [...]